Of Matthew Mark and Luke, the book with the largest amount of information unique to itself is Luke – about 35% or 1/3 of the book of Luke is unique to Luke. Luke is also the longest of the four gospels.
2 of the more popular parables by Yeshua are taught only in this book:
- The Good Samaritan Luke 10:25-37
- The Prodigal Son Luke 15:11-32
My purpose for doing these is to help people have a visual reference of Old Testament quotes in the New Testament. It is not to get into the debates on Markan priority or Q document hypothesis.
|Luke 1:17 (CJB) 17 He will go out ahead of Adonai in the spirit and power of Eliyahu to turn the hearts of fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous, to make ready for Adonai a people prepared.”
|Malachi 4:5-6 (CJB) 5 Look, I will send to you Eliyahu the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible Day of Adonai. 6 He will turn the hearts of the fathers to the children and the hearts of the children to their fathers; otherwise I will come and strike the land with complete destruction.”
[Look, I will send to you Eliyahu the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible Day of Adonai.]
|Luke 1:46-48 (CJB) 46 Then Miryam said,
“My soul magnifies Adonai; 47 and my spirit rejoices in God, my Savior, 48 who has taken notice of his servant-girl in her humble position. For — imagine it! — from now on, all generations will call me blessed!
|1 Samuel 1:11 (CJB) 11 Then she took a vow; she said, “Adonai-Tzva’ot, if you will notice how humiliated your servant is, if you will remember me and not forget your servant but will give your servant a male child, then I will give him to Adonai for as long as he lives; and no razor will ever come on his head.” 1 Samuel 2:1 (CJB) 1 Then Hannah prayed; she said: “My heart exults in Adonai! My dignity has been restored by Adonai! I can gloat over my enemies, because of my joy at your saving me.|
|Luke 1:49-50 (CJB) 49 “The Mighty One has done great things for me! Indeed, his name is holy; 50 and in every generation he has mercy on those who fear him.
|Psalm 103:17 (CJB) 17 But the mercy of Adonai on those who fear him is from eternity past to eternity future, and his righteousness extends to his children’s children,
Psalm 111:9 (CJB) 9 He sent redemption to his people and decreed that his covenant should last forever. His name is holy and fearsome —
|Luke 1:68 (CJB) 68 “Praised be Adonai, the God of Isra’el, because he has visited and made a ransom to liberate his people||Psalm 41:13 (CJB) 13 Blessed be Adonai the God of Isra’el from eternity past to eternity future. Amen. Amen.
Psalm 72:18 (CJB) 18 Blessed be Adonai, God, the God of Isra’el, who alone works wonders.
Psalm 106:48 (CJB) 48 Blessed be Adonai, the God of Isra’el, from eternity past to eternity future. Now let all the people say, “Amen! Halleluyah!”
|Luke 1:76 (CJB) 76 You, child, will be called a prophet of Ha‘Elyon; you will go before the Lord to prepare his way||Malachi 3:1 (CJB) 1 “Look! I am sending my messenger to clear the way before me; and the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to his temple. Yes, the messenger of the covenant, in whom you take such delight — look! Here he comes,” says Adonai-Tzva’ot.
Isaiah 40:3 (CJB) 3 A voice cries out: “Clear a road through the desert for Adonai! Level a highway in the ‘Aravah for our God!
|Luke 1:79 (CJB) 79 to shine on those in darkness, living in the shadow of death, and to guide our feet into the paths of peace.”||Isaiah 9:2 (CJB) 2 The people living in darkness have seen a great light; upon those living in the land that lies in the shadow of death, light has dawned.|
|Luke 2:23 (CJB) 23 (as it is written in the Torah of Adonai, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to Adonai”)||Exodus 13:2 (CJB) 2 “Set aside for me all the firstborn. Whatever is first from the womb among the people of Isra’el, both of humans and of animals, belongs to me.”
Exodus 13:12 (CJB) 12 you are to set apart for Adonai everything that is first from the womb. Every firstborn male animal will belong to Adonai.
Exodus 13:15 (CJB) 15 When Pharaoh was unwilling to let us go, Adonai killed all the firstborn males in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of humans and the firstborn of animals. This is why I sacrifice to Adonai any male that is first from the womb of an animal, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’
|Luke 2:24 (CJB) 24 and also to offer a sacrifice of a pair of doves or two young pigeons, as required by the Torah of Adonai.
|Leviticus 12:8 (CJB) 8 If she can’t afford a lamb, she is to take two doves or two young pigeons, the one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering; the cohen will make atonement for her, and she will be clean.’”|
|Luke 3:4-6 (CJB) 4 It was just as had been written in the book of the sayings of the prophet Yesha‘yahu,
The voice of someone crying out: ‘In the desert prepare the way for Adonai! Make straight paths for him! 5 Every valley must be filled in, every mountain and hill leveled off; the winding roads must be straightened and the rough ways made smooth. 6 Then all humanity will see God’s deliverance.’”
|Isaiah 40:3-5 (CJB) 3 A voice cries out:
“Clear a road through the desert for Adonai! Level a highway in the ‘Aravah for our God! 4 Let every valley be filled in, every mountain and hill lowered, the bumpy places made level and the crags become a plain. 5 Then the glory of Adonai will be revealed; all humankind together will see it, for the mouth of Adonai has spoken.”
|Luke 4:4 (CJB) 4 Yeshua answered him, “The Tanakh says, ‘Man does not live on bread alone.’”
|Deuteronomy 8:3 (CJB) 3 He humbled you, allowing you to become hungry, and then fed you with man, which neither you nor your ancestors had ever known, to make you understand that a person does not live on food alone but on everything that comes from the mouth of Adonai.|
|Luke 4:8 (CJB) 8 Yeshua answered him, “The Tanakh says, ‘Worship Adonai your God and serve him only.’”||Deuteronomy 6:13-14 (CJB) 13 You are to fear Adonai your God, serve him and swear by his name. 14 You are not to follow other gods, chosen from the gods of the peoples around you;|
|Luke 4:10-11 (CJB) 10 For the Tanakh says,
‘He will order his angels to be responsible for you and to protect you. 11 They will support you with their hands, so that you will not hurt your feet on the stones.’”
|Psalm 91:11-12 (CJB) 11 for he will order his angels to care for you and guard you wherever you go. 12 They will carry you in their hands, so that you won’t trip on a stone.|
|Luke 4:12 (CJB) 12 Yeshua answered him, “It also says, ‘Do not put Adonai your God to the test.’”||Deuteronomy 6:16 (CJB)
16 Do not put Adonai your God to the test, as you tested him at Massah [testing].
|Luke 4:18-19 (CJB) 18 “The Spirit of Adonai is upon me because he has anointed me to announce Good News to the poor; he has sent me to proclaim freedom for the imprisoned and renewed sight for the blind, to release those who have been crushed, 19 to proclaim a year of the favor of Adonai.”||Isaiah 61:1-2 (CJB) 1 The Spirit of Adonai Elohim is upon me, because Adonai has anointed me to announce good news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted; to proclaim freedom to the captives, to let out into light those bound in the dark; 2 to proclaim the year of the favor of Adonai and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn,
Isaiah 58:6 (CJB) 6 “Here is the sort of fast I want — releasing those unjustly bound, untying the thongs of the yoke, letting the oppressed go free, breaking every yoke,
|Luke 7:15 (CJB) 15 The dead man sat up and began to speak, and Yeshua gave him to his mother.||1 Kings 17:23 (CJB) 23 Eliyahu took the child, brought him down from the upstairs room into the house and gave him to his mother; and Eliyahu said, “See? Your son is alive.”|
|Luke 7:22 (CJB) 22 So he answered them by saying, “Go, tell Yochanan what you have been seeing and hearing: the blind are seeing again, the lame are walking, people with tzara‘at are being cleansed, the deaf are hearing, the dead are being raised, the Good News is being told to the poor —||Isaiah 35:5-6 (CJB) 5 Then the eyes of the blind will be opened, and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped; 6 then the lame man will leap like a deer, and the mute person’s tongue will sing. For in the desert, springs will burst forth, streams of water in the ‘Aravah;
Isaiah 26:19 (CJB) 19 Your dead will live, my corpse will rise; awake and sing, you who dwell in the dust; for your dew is like the morning dew, and the earth will bring the ghosts to life.
Isaiah 61:1 (CJB) 1 The Spirit of Adonai Elohim is upon me, because Adonai has anointed me to announce good news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted; to proclaim freedom to the captives, to let out into light those bound in the dark;
|Luke 7:27 (CJB) 27 This is the one about whom the Tanakh says,
‘See, I am sending out my messenger ahead of you; he will prepare your way before you.’
|Malachi 3:1 (CJB) 1 “Look! I am sending my messenger to clear the way before me; and the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to his temple. Yes, the messenger of the covenant, in whom you take such delight — look! Here he comes,” says Adonai-Tzva’ot.|
|Luke 8:10 (CJB) 10 and he said, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the Kingdom of God; but the rest are taught in parables, so that they may look but not see, and listen but not understand.||Isaiah 6:9 (CJB) 9 He said, “Go and tell this people:
‘Yes, you hear, but you don’t understand. You certainly see, but you don’t get the point!’
|Luke 9:54 (CJB) 54 When the talmidim Ya‘akov and Yochanan saw this, they said, “Sir, do you want us to call down fire from heaven to destroy them?”||2 Kings 1:9-16 (CJB) 9 Then the king sent a commander of fifty to Eliyahu, together with his fifty men. Eliyahu was sitting at the top of a hill. The commander climbed up to him and said, “Man of God, the king says to come down.” 10 Eliyahu answered the commander of fifty, “If I am in fact a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and burn you up, along with your fifty men.” Fire came down from heaven, and it burned up him and his fifty men. 11 The king sent him another commander of fifty, together with his fifty men. He said to him, “Man of God, the king says, ‘Come down immediately!’” 12 Eliyahu answered them, “If I am in fact a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and burn you up, along with your fifty men.” Fire came down from heaven, and it burned up him and his fifty men. 13 The king sent a third commander of fifty, with his fifty men. The third commander of fifty climbed up, approached Eliyahu and fell on his knees before him. He pleaded with him: “Man of God, please! Have some regard for my life and the lives of these fifty servants of yours! 14 I know that fire came down from heaven and burned up the two other commanders with their fifty men; but now, have some regard for my life.” 15 The angel of Adonai said to Eliyahu, “Go down with him; don’t be afraid of him.” So he got up and went down with him to the king. 16 Eliyahu said to the king, “Here is what Adonai says: ‘You sent messengers to consult Ba‘al-Z’vuv the god of ‘Ekron. Is it because there’s no God in Isra’el you can consult? Therefore, you will never leave the bed you are lying on; you will certainly die.’”|
|Luke 10:15 (CJB) 15 “And you, K’far-Nachum, will you be exalted to heaven? No, you will be brought down to Sh’ol!
|Isaiah 14:13 (CJB) 13 You thought to yourself, ‘I will scale the heavens, I will raise my throne above God’s stars. I will sit on the Mount of Assembly far away in the north.
Isaiah 14:15 (CJB) 15 “Instead you are brought down to Sh’ol, to the uttermost depths of the pit.
|Luke 10:27 (CJB) 27 He answered, “You are to love Adonai your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength and with all your understanding; and your neighbor as yourself.”
Luke 10:29 (CJB) 29 But he, wanting to justify himself, said to Yeshua, “And who is my ‘neighbor’?”
Luke 10:36 (CJB) 36 Of these three, which one seems to you to have become the ‘neighbor’ of the man who fell among robbers?”
|Deuteronomy 6:5 (CJB)
5 and you are to love Adonai your God with all your heart, all your being and all your resources.
Leviticus 19:18 (CJB)
18 Don’t take vengeance on or bear a grudge against any of your people; rather, love your neighbor as yourself; I am Adonai.
|Luke 11:20 (CJB) 20 But if I drive out demons by the finger of God, then the Kingdom of God has come upon you!
|Exodus 8:19 (CJB) 19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God.” But Pharaoh was made hardhearted, so that he didn’t listen to them, just as Adonai had said would happen.
Exodus 31:18 (CJB) 18 (ii) When he had finished speaking with Moshe on Mount Sinai, Adonai gave him the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone inscribed by the finger of God.
|Luke 12:53 (CJB) 53 Father will be divided against son
and son against father,
mother against daughter
and daughter against mother,
mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law
and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.”
|Micah 7:6 (CJB) 6 For a son insults his father,
a daughter rises against her mother,
daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law —
a person’s enemies are the members of his own household.
|Luke 13:35 (CJB) 35 Look! God is abandoning your house to you! I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of Adonai!’”||Psalm 118:26 (CJB) 26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of Adonai. We bless you from the house of Adonai.|
|Luke 17:32 (CJB) 32 remember Lot’s wife!||Genesis 19:26 (CJB) 26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a column of salt.|
|Luke 18:20 (CJB) 20 You know the mitzvot — ‘Don’t commit adultery, don’t murder, don’t steal, don’t give false testimony, honor your father and mother,…’”||Exodus 20:12-13 (CJB) 12 ה 12 “Honor your father and mother, so that you may live long in the land which Adonai your God is giving you.
13 ו 13 “Do not murder.
Deuteronomy 5:16-17 (CJB) 16 ה 16 “‘Honor your father and mother, as Adonai your God ordered you to do, so that you will live long and have things go well with you in the land Adonai your God is giving you.
17 ו 17 “‘Do not murder.
|Luke 19:38 (CJB) 38“Blessed is the King who is coming in the name of Adonai!”
“Shalom in heaven!”
“Glory in the highest places!”
|Psalm 118:26 (CJB) 26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of Adonai. We bless you from the house of Adonai.|
|Luke 19:46 (CJB) 46 saying to them, “The Tanakh says, ‘My House is to be a house of prayer,’ but you have made it into a den of robbers!”
|Isaiah 56:7 (CJB)
7 I will bring them to my holy mountain and make them joyful in my house of prayer; their burnt offerings and sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house will be called a house of prayer for all peoples.”
Jeremiah 7:11 (CJB)
11 Do you regard this house, which bears my name, as a cave for bandits? I can see for myself what’s going on,” says Adonai.
|Luke 20:17 (CJB) 17 But Yeshua looked searchingly at them and said, “Then what is this which is written in the Tanakh,
‘The very rock which the builders rejected has become the cornerstone’?
|Psalm 118:22 (CJB) 22 The very rock that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone!|
|Luke 20:28 (CJB) 28 and put to him a sh’eilah: “Rabbi, Moshe wrote for us that if a man dies leaving a wife but no children, his brother must take the wife and have children to preserve the man’s family line.||Deuteronomy 25:5 (CJB) 5 “If brothers live together, and one of them dies childless, his widow is not to marry someone unrelated to him; her husband’s brother is to go to her and perform the duty of a brother-in-law by marrying her.|
|Luke 20:37 (CJB) 37 “But even Moshe showed that the dead are raised; for in the passage about the bush, he calls Adonai ‘the God of Avraham, the God of Yitz’chak and the God of Ya‘akov.’||Exodus 3:6 (CJB) 6 I am the God of your father,” he continued, “the God of Avraham, the God of Yitz’chak and the God of Ya‘akov.” Moshe covered his face, because he was afraid to look at God.|
|Luke 20:43 (CJB) 43 Adonai said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand
until I make your enemies
|Psalm 110:1 (CJB) 1 Adonai says to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
until I make your enemies
|Luke 21:26 (CJB) 26 as people faint with fear at the prospect of what is overtaking the world; for the powers in heaven will be shaken.||Haggai 2:6 (CJB) 6 For this is what Adonai-Tzva’ot says: “It won’t be long before one more time I will shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and the dry land;
Haggai 2:21 (CJB) 21 “Tell Z’rubavel, governor of Y’hudah, ‘I will shake the heavens and the earth,
|Luke 21:27 (CJB) 27 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with tremendous power and glory.||Daniel 7:13-14 (CJB) 13 “I kept watching the night visions, when I saw, coming with the clouds of heaven, someone like a son of man. He approached the Ancient One and was led into his presence. 14 To him was given rulership, glory and a kingdom, so that all peoples, nations and languages should serve him. His rulership is an eternal rulership that will not pass away; and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.|
|Luke 22:37 (CJB) 37 For I tell you this: the passage from the Tanakh that says, ‘He was counted with transgressors,’ has to be fulfilled in me; since what is happening to me has a purpose.”||Isaiah 53:12 (CJB) 12 Therefore I will assign him a share with the great, he will divide the spoil with the mighty, for having exposed himself to death and being counted among the sinners, while actually bearing the sin of many and interceding for the offenders.”|
|Luke 22:69 (CJB) 69 But from now on, the Son of Man will be sitting at the right hand of HaG’vurah,”||Psalm 110:1 (CJB) 1 Adonai says to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
until I make your enemies
|Luke 23:30 (CJB) 30 Then
They will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us!’
|Hosea 10:8 (CJB) 8 Destruction will come to the high places of Aven, that is, to the sin of Isra’el. Thorns and thistles will grow over their altars; and they will say to the mountains, “Cover us!” and to the hills, “Fall on us!”|
|Luke 23:34 (CJB) 34 Yeshua said, “Father, forgive them; they don’t understand what they are doing.”
They divided up his clothes by throwing dice.
|Psalm 22:18 (CJB) 18 They divide my garments among themselves; for my clothing they throw dice.|
|Luke 23:35 (CJB) 35 The people stood watching, and the rulers sneered at him. “He saved others,” they said, “so if he really is the Messiah, the one chosen by God, let him save himself!”||Psalm 22:7 (CJB) 7 All who see me jeer at me; they sneer and shake their heads:|
|Luke 23:36 (CJB) 36 The soldiers too ridiculed him; they came up, offered him vinegar||Psalm 69:21 (CJB) 21 They put poison in my food; in my thirst, they gave me vinegar to drink.|
|Luke 23:46 (CJB) 46 Crying out with a loud voice, Yeshua said,
“Father! Into your hands I commit my spirit.” With these words he gave up his spirit.
|Psalm 31:5 (CJB) 5 Into your hand I commit my spirit; you will redeem me, Adonai, God of truth.|