MORNING STUDY: Short Post

Monrning study

 

EXPOSE THEM . . . .

 

This verse is one of the reasons that I write the blog I write – it is also part of the verses (8-15) that convicted me to call upon the name of our Lord for Salvation:

Ephesians 5:11 (CJB)

11  Have nothing to do with the deeds produced by darkness,

but instead expose them,

 

The Greek Interlinear says of Ephesians 5:11:

and – no – have fellowship with – the – works – the – unfruitful – of the – darkness – rather – but – even – expose

 

There are several key words in the verse above starting with the following:

συγκοινωνέω sunkoinōneō (have fellowship with – to participate – to share with.)

 

It is used in a couple of other verses which I will list for context:

Revelation 18:4 (CJB)

4  Then I heard another voice out of heaven say:

“My people, come out of her!  so that you will not share in her sins,

 so that you will not be infected by her plagues,

Philippians 4:14 (CJB)

14  Nevertheless, it was good of you to share in my trouble.

 

In contrast, in Ephesians 5:11, Paul urged the church not to participate in works which are fruitless and come from darkness. He had already listed a catalog of acts and attitudes to avoid (5:3-8), and expected Christians to avoid both participating or associating with people who do ungodly things, or to participate in those deeds themselves. Similarly, in Revelation 18:4 a voice from heaven commanded the people of God to “come out” and to dissociate from “Babylon” and her sinful activities.

Thoralf Gilbrant, ed., “4641. συγκοινωνέω,” in The Complete Biblical Library Greek-English Dictionary – Sigma-Omega

 

If you go back earlier in the same chapter of the text,

Ephesians 5:3 (CJB)

3  Among you there should not even be mentioned:

  • sexual immorality,
  • or any kind of impurity,
  • or greed;

these are utterly inappropriate for God’s holy people.

NO DARKNESS ALLOWED!

Ephesians 5:4-5 (CJB)

4  Also out of place are:

  • obscenity and
  • stupid talk or
  • coarse language;

instead, you should be giving thanks.

5  For of this you can be sure: every:

  • sexually immoral,
  • impure or
  • greedy person — that is,
  • every idol-worshipper —

has no share in the Kingdom of the Messiah and of God.

NOT GOING TO HEAVEN!!!

 

Ephesians 5:6 (CJB)

6  Let no one deceive you with empty talk;

for it is because of these things

that God’s judgment is coming on those who disobey him.

DISOBEDIENCE HAS CONSEQUENCES!

Ephesians 5:7 (CJB)

7  So don’t become partners with them!

DO NOT PARTICIPATE!

 

Now let’s go back the original verse:

Ephesians 5:11 (CJB)

11  Have nothing to do with the deeds produced by darkness,

but instead expose them,

HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH THEM!

 

Christians and Messianics that love the world (which is ruled by darkness – the prince of darkness) in their actions and their words DISREGARD these rules – DISREGARD the TORAH (Instruction of God)

Hebrews 8:6 (CJB)

6  But now the work Yeshua has been given to do

is far superior to theirs,

just as the covenant he mediates is better.

For this covenant has been given as Torah

on the basis of better promises.

If you love the world, you are NOT Torah observant – period!

 

James 2:10 (CJB)

10  For a person who keeps the whole Torah,

yet stumbles at one point,

has become guilty of breaking them all.

 

 

So, we go back to our verse:

Ephesians 5:11 (CJB)

11  Have nothing to do with the deeds produced by darkness,

but instead expose them,

 

Deeds = worksἔργον ergon (Work, deed, action, occupation, task, things, matter.)

Revelation 20:12-13 (CJB)

12  And I saw the dead,

both great and small,

standing in front of the throne.

Books were opened;

and another book was opened,

the Book of Life;

and the dead were judged from what was written in the books,

according to what they had done.

13  The sea gave up the dead in it;

and Death and Sh’ol gave up the dead in them;

and they were judged,

each according to what he had done.

You will be judged by your works.  Did you plead for the widow? Did you plead for the orphan? Did you practice mercy and justice? (Hint: Read Isaiah 1)

Did you LOVE?

These are works – the text calls them works – Can you be REALLY be saved without loving your brother?  Without practicing mercy?  Without practicing justice? – – – Without these WORKS?

 

Proverbs 10:16 (CJB)

16  The activity of the righteous is for life;

 the income of the wicked is for sin.

Isaiah 32:17 (CJB)

17  The effect of righteousness will be peace;

the result of righteousness, quiet trust forever.

Zephaniah 2:3 (CJB)

3  Seek Adonai, all you humble in the land,

you who exercise his justice;

seek righteousness, seek humility —

you might be hidden  on the day of Adonai’s anger.

EXPOSE THEM . . .

So what does the word EXPOSE ἐλέγχω elenchō mean in the Greek?

(Refute, convict, reprove.)

Ephesians 5:11 (CJB)

11  Have nothing to do with the deeds produced by darkness,

but instead expose them,

In the non-biblical Greek (the Secular Greek) or Classical Greek, expose means:

Classical Greek

For the classical Greeks elenchō especially denoted “to disgrace, to put (someone) to shame.”

Secondly, it referred to “cross-examine, question for the purpose of disproving or reproving, to censure, accuse” (see Liddell-Scott).

Later it generally denoted “to examine, to investigate.”

Elenchō and its companions, elenchos (1637) and elenktikos, are significant words in Greek philosophy, most notably in propositional logic (Büschel, “elenchō,” Kittel, 2:475f.).

Thoralf Gilbrant, ed., “1638. ἐλέγχω,” in The Complete Biblical Library Greek-English Dictionary – Delta-Epsilon, (Springfield, MO: Complete Biblical Library, 1991), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, Under: “1638. ἐλέγχω”.

It is interesting to note that the Hebrew word ‏ָיכַח‎ yākhach means: (to be right – to chastise).

Occurring both in Hebrew and in Jewish Aramaic, this verb has as its basic meaning “to set right,” “to show what is right” or “to decide.”

Thoralf Gilbrant, ed., “3306,” in The Complete Biblical Library Hebrew-English Dictionary – Heth-Yodh, (Springfield, IL: World Library Press, Inc., 1998), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, Under: “3306”.

 

יכַח‎ yākhach INFORMS the Greek word ἐλέγχω elenchō in the Septuagint (Translation of the 70 FROM Hebrew to Greek):

Septuagint Usage

Elenchō occurs throughout the Septuagint.

 Ordinarily it is a replacement for the Hebrew yakach (in various tenses), itself a legal term for “to argue” and “to settle a quarrel” (e.g., Genesis 31:37; Job 9:33; 13:3).

In a nonlegal sense it could mean “to reproach, reprove” (e.g., Genesis 31:42; Job 13:10; 22:4).

At times elenchō could imply “to punish” (e.g., 2 Samuel 7:14 [LXX 2 Kings 7:14]; 2 Chronicles 26:20, Hebrew nāgha; cf. Job 5:17).

In the Septuagint God is seen to “reprove, chasten” and “convict” man in order to “instruct” him.

Thus the purpose of correction is positive (Job 5:17: “Happy is the man whom God correcteth”; cf. Proverbs 3:12; 9:8).

Proverbs 3:12 (CJB) 12  for Adonai corrects those he loves  like a father who delights in his son.

Proverbs 9:8 (CJB) 8  If you reprove a scoffer, he will hate you;  if you reprove a wise man, he will love you.

Thoralf Gilbrant, ed., “1638. ἐλέγχω,” in The Complete Biblical Library Greek-English Dictionary – Delta-Epsilon, (Springfield, MO: Complete Biblical Library, 1991), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, Under: “1638. ἐλέγχω”.

If you combine the Secular Greek and the Hebrew translated into Greek, you start to understand how the New Covenant (New Testament) writers such as Sha’ul (Paul) who were Jews would use the word –

Pay attention to these first few verses of the text in this dictionary entry – There can be no mistaking that the problem existed then that exists now . . . even if some, (or most for that matter), ignore or dismiss these verses – these were commands!:

 

New Testament Usage

 New Testament usage largely conforms to the pattern in the Septuagint that elenchō (which may involve reproof of sin) has as its goal a restoring or an establishing of a relationship, whether that relationship is between persons (Matthew 18:15; 1 Timothy 5:20; 2 Timothy 4:2; Titus 1:13; 2:15; cf. John 8:46) or between a person and God (e.g., John 16:8; Hebrews 12:5).

Matthew 18:15 (CJB) 15  “Moreover, if your brother commits a sin against you, go and show him his fault — but privately, just between the two of you. If he listens to you, you have won back your brother.

1 Timothy 5:20 (CJB) 20  Rebuke before the whole assembly those leaders who continue sinning, as a warning to the others.

2 Timothy 4:2 (CJB) 2  proclaim the Word! Be on hand with it whether the time seems right or not. Convict, censure and exhort with unfailing patience and with teaching.

Titus 1:13 (CJB) 13  and it’s true! For this reason, you must be severe when you rebuke those who have followed this false teaching, so that they will come to be sound in their trust

Titus 2:15 (CJB) 15  These are the things you should say. Encourage and rebuke with full authority; don’t let anyone look down on you.

John 8:46 (CJB) 46  Which one of you can show me where I’m wrong?

If I’m telling the truth, why don’t you believe me?

Nonetheless, such an act of “rebuke” or “reproof” does not necessarily generate success in turning someone away from sin (Luke 3:19).

Luke 3:19 (CJB)

19 But Yochanan also denounced Herod the regional governor

for taking as his own wife Herodias,

the wife of his brother, a

nd for all the other wicked things Herod had done;

Also the sense of “to expose” should not be overlooked. Sin may be perceptible only to the judgment of God (Ephesians 5:11,13); reproof “exposes” sin (John 3:20) for examination.

John 3:20 (CJB) 20  For everyone who does evil things hates the light and avoids it, so that his actions won’t be exposed.

The Holy Spirit “convinces” the world of sin; i.e., He proves the charge of sin against the world is valid, but again His motive is redemptive (John 16:8; 1 Corinthians 14:24; Jude 22). Thus the heart of elenchō—whether meaning “to expose” or “to reprove”—is the purpose of steering the guilty party toward redemption (see Büschel, “elenchō,” Kittel, 2:475, who develops this thought more fully).

The word elenchō is also used in contexts which imply an unauthorized criticism or accusation. When Jesus said, “Which of you convinceth me of sin?” (John 8:46) He was responding to the unjust criticism of His accusers.

Thoralf Gilbrant, ed., “1638. ἐλέγχω,” in The Complete Biblical Library Greek-English Dictionary – Delta-Epsilon, (Springfield, MO: Complete Biblical Library, 1991), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, Under: “1638. ἐλέγχω”.

 

Ephesians 5:11 (CJB)

11  Have nothing to do with the deeds produced by darkness,

but instead expose them,

 

As I stated at the very beginning of this blog,

This verse is one of the reasons that I write the blog I write”

 

Be blessed!

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About Even If Ministries

Dani'el 3:17-18 (CJB) 17 Your majesty, if our God, whom we serve, is able to save us, he will save us from the blazing hot furnace and from your power. 18 But even if he doesn’t, we want you to know, your majesty, that we will neither serve your gods nor worship the gold statue which you have set up.”
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